What kinds of trees are planted in Indonesia?

Together with our partner, the Gunung Saran Lester Foundation, we aim to restore one of the world's most precious biodiversity hotspots by planting the tree species listed below. These new forests will provide a steady income to those who care for them. This means, in turn, that poor communities will no longer be forced to sell their land to palm oil companies.

Nephelium Lappaceum

Nephelium lappaceum, also known as the rambutan, is a medium-sized tropical tree in the family Sapindaceae. It’s native to the Malay-Indonesian region and closely related to several other edible tropical fruits including the lychee, the longan, and the mamoncillo. The fruit is usually sold fresh, used in making jams and jellies, or canned. Evergreen rambutan trees with their abundant coloured fruit also make beautiful landscape specimens.

Archidendron Pauciflorim

Archidendron pauciflorum, commonly known the Jengkol tree, is a species of flowering tree in the pea family. It’s native to Southeast Asia, where the seeds are a popular dish. They can be fried, boiled, roasted or eaten raw. The seeds have an antioxidant effect. To date, djenkol is traded on local markets only.

Durio Zibethinus

The Durio Zibethinus tree has edible fruit known as durian. The fruit's smell evokes reactions from deep appreciation to intense disgust. It's an important source of vitamin B1.

Shorea Stenoptera

Shorea stenoptera, called the Light Red Meranti, is a species of plant in the Dipterocarpaceae family. It is a tree endemic to Borneo in Malaysia and Indonesia. It's also an endangered species, threatened by habitat loss.

Arenga pinnata

Arenga pinnata, also known as the Sugar Palm, is an an economically important feather palm native to tropical Asia. It serves as an important part of the diet of several endangered species, including cloud rats of the genus Phloeomys. The sap of the tree can be harvested for the production of palm sugar or bio ethanol, its fruits can be eaten, and the black fibres surrounding the trunk are used as the organic roof material common in Indonesian vernacular architecture. In fact, there are a total of 65 products that can be harvested from this tree. The tree thrives in a mixed forest and has very deep root systems, making it an ideal crop to plant in mountainous areas and to prevent land slides. One family can live off the produce of 6 trees only.

Parkia speciosa

Parkia speciosa bears long, flat edible beans with bright green seeds of a smell similar to that of the Shiitake mushroom.

Coffea arabica

Coffea arabica, also known as ‘mountain coffee’, is believed to be the first species of coffee to be cultivated, and is by far the dominant cultivar, representing some 70% of global production.

Areca catechu

Areca catechu is a species of palm that is grown for its commercially important seed crop, the areca nut, which is often chewed along with the betel leaf, a leaf from a vine of the family Piperaceae.

Artocarpus integer

Artocarpus integer, commonly known as cempedak, is a species of tree in the family Moraceae. Its fruit has a similar taste to the jackfruit and breadfruit. It is very popular in its native area. In Borneo, the skin of the fruit is processed into food called mandai.

Hevea brasiliensis

Hevea brasiliensis, commonly known as the rubber tree, is of major economic importance because the milky latex extracted from the tree is the primary source of natural rubber.

Aquilaria malaccensis

Aquilaria malaccensis is a species of plant in the Thymelaeaceae family. It is found in Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand. It is threatened by habitat loss. Aquilaria malaccensis is the major source of agarwood, a resinous heartwood, used for perfume and incense. 

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